Movement Disorder [Classification of Movement Disorders & Treatment]

Searching for the best treatment of movement disorder? Immediately contact Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh as he is one of the top neurologists for movement disorder treatment in Patna. But before that, let us know more about the movement disorder.


What is a Movement Disorder?

A group of neurological syndromes that give rise to a variety of problems with our movement is called a movement disorder. This can cause either abnormal increased movements (that can be voluntary or involuntary) or reduced or slow (voluntary) movements.

More than 30 diseases are classified under neurological movement disorders. While the causes of some may be hereditary, in other cases environment may play a role. Although many such disorders are not life-threatening, you may lose your ability to perform daily tasks and live independently.

What is the Classification of Movement Disorders?

Conventionally, the classification of movement disorders is worked out into two major categories:

  • Hyperkinetic Movement Disorder: Also known as involuntary movement disorders, it refers to dyskinesia, often repetitive or excessive involuntary movements that disrupt the normal flow of motor activity.
  • Hypokinetic Movement Disorder: It refers to hypokinesia or decreased amplitude of movements, Bradykinesia or slow movements, akinesia or deficiency of movements, and stiffness or rigidity.

What are the Types of Movement Disorders?

Some of the most common types of movement disorders ranging from subtle to disabling include the following:


Sustained involuntary muscle contractions with repetitive movements and twisting are involved in Dystonia. Focal Dystonia may affect just one part of the body and generalized Dystonia the entire body.


Ataxia affects the cerebellum, the part of the brain controls coordinated movement. This movement disorder causes symptoms like uncoordinated or impaired balance, limb movements, or speech.


Signs of cursory, irregular, repetitive, and somewhat brief involuntary movements typically involving the face, mouth, limbs, and trunk are characterized by chorea.

Cervical Dystonia 

This condition features long-running spasms or contractions or intermittent contractions of the neck muscle resulting in the neck to turn in various ways.

Huntington’s Disease 

It is a neurodegenerative disorder that is inherited progressive and causes weakened cognitive abilities, uncontrolled movements, and psychiatric conditions.

Functional Movement Disorder 

This condition does not occur due to neurological disease but resembles any of the movement disorders.


This disorder causes quick as flash jerks of a muscle or a group of muscles.

Multiple System Atrophy

It is an uncommon progressive neurological disorder that affects many brain systems and causes other movement disorders like ataxia or Parkinsonism.

Parkinson’s Disease 

Conditions like tremor, rigidity, imbalance, bradykinesia are caused by this slow-progressive neurodegenerative disorder. It shows non-movement symptoms as well.

Restless Legs Syndrome

This movement disorder results in irksome, abnormal feelings in the legs while lying down or relaxing.  

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

 This is a rare neurological condition that may resemble Parkinson’s disease and causes problems with balance, walking, and eye movements.

Tardive Dyskinesia

It results in repetitive and involuntary movements like grimacing, eye blinking, etc, and is caused by the long-term use of neuroleptic drugs.

Essential Tremor 

This movement disorder causes uncontrolled rhythmic shaking of parts of the body such as both hands or arms or fingers.

Tourette’s syndrome

It is associated with repetitive motor tics and vocal tics and starts between childhoods and teenage years.

Wilson’s disease

This distinct inherited condition causes an excessive copper build-up in the body resulting in neurological problems.

If you can relate your movement disorder problems with any of the above conditions, then it is highly advisable to contact Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh for the best movement disorders treatment.

What are Movement Disorders Treatment Methods?

Unfortunately, many movement disorder cases cannot be cured. Your condition may require watchful waiting or aggressive treatment. But the goal of the movement disorder treatment is to relieve pain by minimizing the symptoms. The prescribed medications or injections by your neurologist may include:

  • Anti-seizure medications to decrease tremors in the hands or fingers.
  • Beta-blockers for reducing shaking and other related physical symptoms.
  • Anti-anxiety medicines, which work on the central nervous system and relaxes the muscles to provide short-term comfort from spasms.
  • Botulinum toxin to block chemicals like neurotransmitters in the brain that can result in muscle spasms.
  • Anticholinergic agents for the treatment of Dystonia by lowering the effects of acetylcholine, a brain chemical. This may reduce tremors and muscle rigidity.
  • Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a surgical treatment option that stimulates the areas of your brain that controls movements by using an implant.

These complex treatment procedures must be assessed by a professional and experienced doctor like Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh, the best neurologist in the city of Patna.

Movement Disorders Journal

First published in 1986, Medical Disorders Journal is a peer-reviewed medical journal that highlights original research related to both the disciplines of clinical neurology and basic science topics. It is the official journal of the Internal Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

The performance measure based on the yearly average number of citations to currently published articles during the last two years is basically the impact factor of an academic journal. The Movement Disorders impact factor 2019-2020 has been updated to be 7.180.

There are numerous movement disorders PPT as well as movement disorders PDF available for you to download that is enriched with extensive knowledge on a wide variety of common and rare movement disorder problems along with the treatments for tremors, Parkinson’s disease, chorea, dyskinesia, Dystonia and so on.

Movement Disorder Treatment in Patna

Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh is ranked amongst the top doctors for movement disorder treatment in Patna. Through his dedication, he has earned a sought-after reputation as the best neurologist for treating movement disorder problems.

Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh is a doctor of paramount importance. He has performed as a neuropsychiatrist at the prestigious AIIMS and PMCH Patna. He had the privilege of pursuing his MBBS from a top-ranked WHO listed government medical college and achieved his post-graduation from Pune.

Being a high-profile neurologist for movement disorder treatment in Patna, Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh’s treats his patients while making sure of a lower rate of compilations and intense care. That is why he has acquired a high patient satisfaction score.

There is a reason why Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh is considered as the ultimate. He has almost 10 years of experience in the field of medicine and has a wide selection of publications of high repute.

Therefore, if you wish to get the finest movement disorder treatment in Patna, for yourself or your loved ones, then Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh is the person you should seek.

Call Now!