18 Nov What Causes Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder – Know Here
Emotional Imbalance Disorder is a dysregulation of emotional response that is traditionally unacceptable and causes a set of eccentric emotions.
It is characterized by severe fluctuations of mood swings going from extremely happy to angry in a matter of a few minutes. Are you uncharacteristically feeling too depressed?
Do you suddenly out of nowhere get bursts of happiness? People undergoing these mood swings randomly have outbursts of anger and depression that interfere with your social interactions.
Emotionally unstable personality disorder
An individual who’s emotionally unstable can have a rough time dealing with their emotions and feelings. It deals with impulsivity and instability in family relations, and interpersonal relationships.
These people experience Emotional Imbalance Disorder due to a combination of factors. Over time, their behavior can become self-destructive and harmful to themselves.
So, dealing with them should be done carefully so as not to trigger them because of something.
Signs and symptoms
Each person deals with different kinds of mood disorder and associated symptoms. Considering that, emotionally unstable personality disorder symptoms can be
- Random anger outbursts
- Feeling sad most of the time
- Lack of energy or feeling tired
- Feelings of worthlessness and guilt
- Depressive episodes
- Risk-taking behavior
- Eating disorder
- Difficulty focusing on things
- Suicidal thoughts or ideation
- Sleeping habit disorders
The signs of emotionally unstable women are often found to have been a result of their inability to cope with their emotions. They may have experienced a traumatic experience or event that could have caused them emotional distress.
This may lead to some serious psychological issues. Women experience marked mood swings from anger to depression. Other symptoms such as
- Self- harm behavior
- Feelings of shame
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What causes emotionally unstable personality disorder?
A few reasons why people develop emotionally unstable behavior is because of their emotional state and incapacity of dealing with these feelings. The emotionally unstable causes can be
- Any kind of trauma, be it physical or emotional can result in behavior change due to psychological effects. Childhood trauma is one of the common reasons people develop these symptoms due to their mental state of mind. Traumatic events can shape a person’s life for the worst and it is one of the critical factors for determining the emotional condition.
- Traumatic brain injury resulting due to violent blow to the head. It can lead to concussions and disruption in brain chemistry eventually resulting in mood changes.
- Childhood neglect can leave the child with feelings of guilt and worthlessness. They are neglected with basic needs, or healthcare and this negatively impacts the child’s brain. Sometimes, children coming from well-to-do families are deprived of the love and affection that they need for better brain functioning.
- Environmental factors such as grief due to the death of a loved one, or chronic stress can even lead to change in the brain chemistry.
- Genetic factors such as a mental condition with mood symptoms running in the family are associated with emotionally unstable disorders. Medical conditions such as bipolar personality disorder, schizophrenia, depression or dementia have genetic predisposition and consist of cognitive decline with mood symptoms.
Bipolar personality disorder is one of the major causes of mood symptoms in women. A lot of women suffer from BPD, because of which they get mood swings and erratic behavior.
Symptoms of BPD in females can include
People with BPD have severe abandonment issues, feeling fear and anger on leaving them alone or neglected.
They might get into stalker behavior and don’t let people leave. Sometimes, they might push people away in fear of getting too attached.
People suffering from BPD can’t handle personal relationships. Their views and perceptions about things change rapidly by the minute.
They go through emotional imbalance in relationships from idealizing a person to making them the devil in their story.
Their rapid mood changes range from hyperactive and energetic like randomly going on a shopping spree to suddenly experiencing irrational anxiety, and anger outbursts lasting only a few hours.
Some of the emotional imbalance examples comprises of mental health conditions like
- Bipolar personality disorder
- Self-harm behavior
- Feelings of emptiness
- Depressive episodes
The most common reason for emotional imbalance is after a traumatic event, the individual experiences emotional difficulties.
People can have symptoms like nightmares, and flashbacks of the traumatic event that can trigger negative feelings and thoughts.
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Emotional imbalance can be diagnosed clinically by a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists or clinical psychologists will conduct interviews and surveys to know the person’s condition better.
There’s a specific system that is followed for the emotional imbalance test that is the criteria given in DSM-5 to confirm the diagnosis.
Sometimes, the psychiatrists conduct an emotional imbalance personality disorder test such as mental health assessment or mental health test.
Physician will conduct a thorough history and physical examination along with hifmaily history and medications. If there’s a family history of mood disorder, it is vital information for the physician.
Emotional imbalance treatment depends upon specific disorder, and the symptoms the individual is suffering from.
Typically, the treatment involves a combination of psychotherapy and medications. The medications for mood disorders are following
- Antidepressants such as SSRIs and SNRIs are prescribed by the physicians for depressive episodes and ease the anxiety symptoms. Usually, these medications take around six weeks at the least to work on the body. Although, these medications should be taken only as prescribed by the physician
- Mood stabilizers are the most recommended medications for bipolar personality disorder. Lithium is the approved medication prescribed for mood disorder. Sometimes, antidepressants are prescribed along with stabilizers to have a better effect.
- Antipsychotics are prescribed for individuals with mania and bipolar disorder. Medicines such as aripiprazole are prescribed for the maximum effect.
Other than medications, psychotherapy is used to treat individuals with mood symptoms. Depending on the causes of mood symptoms, a therapist talks to the individual about the reasons behind their symptoms.
Sometimes, the individual must be going through an inner turmoil with their emotions and bottling up everything inside. These can come out as passive aggressive behavior resulting in mood swings and irritability.
Talking to a therapist about the feelings and things that are bothering them can help one distract themselves from their thoughts. These spiraling thoughts are the reason people react differently.
The common psychotherapies are
- Cognitive behavioral therapy used to treat mental health conditions and emotional concerns. The individual talks about their experiences and emotions in order to let the therapist understand the condition better.
- Psychodynamic therapy is when treating a medical condition caused by a traumatic event or childhood experiences. This therapy involves desensitizing the individuals against these flashbacks and experiences. This is done by talking about the experiences and trying to navigate the feelings and thoughts among these events.
Along with this, people with emotionally unstable disorder can apply some lifestyle changes such as
Going out for walks. Doing yoga and activities that make you happy and feel content help your soul rejuvenate resulting in a better mindset.
When one is relaxed and stress free, they tend to focus more on positive energy rather than thoughts that affect negatively.
How to live with people with emotional imbalance?
As mentioned above, people with emotional imbalance undergo rapid mood swings. Their mood swings are suffered by people around the affected individual.
When these individuals are going through anger outbursts, they don’t seem to consider how it affects the family and close relatives around.
The family is already worried about the changed behavior and on top of that they have to bear the anger and frustration from the individual too.
Therapists are available who can provide guidance on how to deal with these mood swings. The family or the caregiver should have all the necessary information about the individual’s condition so as for them to lead a healthy and happy life.
Patients with BPD have a very chaotic amid the haywire mood symptoms that are like a pendulum going from happy and active to depressed and angry the next second.
They have troubled relationships with their co-workers and family trying to push them away on any small inconvenience.
Research has shown they increased rates of divorce, legal and financial issues. The stress from these problems can make their condition worse.
The outlook for emotional imbalance disorder is better with the right treatment and management. Symptoms gradually decrease as they grow older.
The individuals who adhere to their medication regime go on to have an overall better quality of life.
If the cause is substance abuse, or depression, then treating the disorder will automatically improve the mood symptoms.