Difference Between Epilepsy and Seizures

difference between epilepsy and seizures

Difference Between Epilepsy and Seizures

People often confuse between epilepsy and seizure. Though they are not the same but closely interrelated. A seizure is a single event or occurrence while epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.

Any uncontrolled and sudden disturbance in the brain is referred to as a Seizure. It leads to behavioral or emotional changes. Sometimes it also causes changes in levels of consciousness. Most seizures last from 30 seconds to 120 seconds.

Neurological condition like Seizure needs the care of distinguished and specialized medical professionals.

Seizure Symptoms

Symptoms of Seizure vary from person to person mostly depending upon the range- mild to severe- and the types of seizure.

The most common symptoms that Seizure shows up are:

  • Short blackouts or temporary confusion
  • A staring spell and sudden stiffness
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms, legs, and body
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness
  • Cognitive or emotional symptoms, such as panic, anger, fear, anxiety, or déjà vu

If you or your friend or kin is experiencing any of the symptoms then you must consult a neuropsychiatrist. If you are a resident of somewhere in North India or Bihar then you might need to go through- Neuropsychiatrist In Patna

Seizures are basically categorized into two types.

Types of Seizures

The two types of seizures are:-

Focal Seizure

Focal Seizure is a result of abnormal electrical activity in one area of your brain. Moreover, it can be characterized sometimes with or without loss of consciousness.

Its signs and symptoms hold resemblance with other neurological disorders, such as migraine, or mental illness.

Generalized Seizures

Generalized Seizures tend to involve all areas of the brain. Absence seizures, Tonic Seizures, Atonic Seizures, Clonic Seizures, myoclonic Seizures, and Tonic-clonic Seizures are types of Generalized Seizures.

What Causes Seizures

The most common cause of seizures is epilepsy. The difference between epilepsy and seizures is epilepsy, a mental illness that causes seizures while seizures are an occurrence of a mental disorder. But, seizures may happen because of:

  • Meningitis, or High fever
  • Lack of sleep and improper biological-clock.
  • Low blood sodium (hyponatremia)
  • Medications that lower the seizure threshold, such as certain pain relievers, antidepressants, or smoking cessation therapies.
  • Head trauma that causes an area of bleeding in the brain
  • Brain Stroke
  • Brain tumor
  • Illegal or recreational drugs, such as amphetamines or cocaine
  • Alcohol abuse.


Difference Between Epileptic and Non-Epileptic Seizures

Epilepsy is the primary reason for seizures. These epileptic seizures are the result of abnormal electric discharges from the brain. Epileptic Seizures are mainly of two types: Generalized and Focal as mentioned above.

While, Non-epileptic seizures though show the same symptoms as epileptic seizures-convulsions, unconsciousness, or both-they are not related to sudden abnormal brain activity. These have no identifiable physical cause but they are physical reactions to psychological stresses.

The probable causes of Non-Epileptic Seizures are:

  • Fever
  • Infection
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Extremely low blood sugar
  • Neurological damage from stroke, brain surgery, or head injury


Types of Epilepsy

Medical professionals categorize Epilepsy into four major categories:

  • Generalized epilepsy
  • Focal epilepsy
  • Generalized and focal epilepsy
  • Unknown if generalized or focal epilepsy


Seizure Treatment

Seizure Treatment depends on the type experienced and the severity of the conditions.

Firstly, the doctor studies the patient and prepares the seizure or epilepsy diagnosis. The symptoms and tests including Blood tests, electroencephalogram (EEG), Computerized tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Positron emission tomography (PET),  etc. form the basis of diagnosis.

There is currently no specific cure for Epilepsy and Seizures…

  • Doctors suggest Medication, the first hand. Diet also plays a major role.
  • A neurologist may prescribe antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).
  • Other viable and potential methods include surgery, nerve stimulation, or a special diet.


Difference Between Fits and Epilepsy

Epilepsy is simply defined as a neurological condition in which the patient is vulnerable to get epileptic “seizures” or often called “fits”.

Anyone experiencing or having two or more unprovoked fits or seizures can be said to have Epilepsy.

People often confuse about different mental disorders or conditions and tend to be their own doctor. In conclusion, these mental conditions need serious attention and critical care by expert and highly educated and experienced neurologists.

If you or any of your relatives, friends are experiencing any of these conditions or symptoms you must consult a neurologist as soon as possible. Moreover, if you are a resident of somewhere in Patna or Bihar, let us make it easy for you. Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh who is listed as the best Neuropsychiatrist in Patna is the best doctor to consult with regarding epilepsy and Seizures.

Dr. Vivek Pratap Singh is the best neuropsychiatrist in Patna Bihar. Being an MBBS alumnus of reputed WHO Listed B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences and an M.D. (Psychiatry) with 8 years of professional experience also lists him as the best neuropsychiatrist in Patna for treating epilepsy and seizures.

Previously, he has been a resident of prestigious AIIMS Patna. He currently practices at his clinic in Kankarbagh and deals with all types of neuropsychiatry including epilepsy and seizures’ treatment.

We hope this blog answered all your queries about epilepsy, fits, seizures, the Difference between Epilepsy and Seizures, Seizure Symptoms, Seizure Treatments, etc.

Post your further queries below in the comment section box.

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